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The pubic area is generally understood to be the area down the lower abdomen between the two hips or thighs. However, experts distinguish between the pubic (regio pubica) and genital (regio genitalis) areas. The pubic area lies above the genitals between the two groins and is actually part of the lower abdomen. The genital area borders on the Regio pubica and extends to the so-called Perineum (dam). In men and women, the genital area is fundamentally different according to the different external genital organs. The male external genitals form the limb and scrotum, whereas the female external genitals consist of the labia, vaginal vestibule and clitoris. In women, the term vulva is common for all external genital organs. In interaction with the internal genital organs, the external genitalia enable natural reproduction.
Numerous different diseases can affect the genital area, the most common of which are the known venereal diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea (gonorrhea), chlamydia, genital warts (condylomata acuminata), fungal infections, infections with human papilloma viruses or herpes viruses. However, non-infectious inflammations, such as acorn inflammation or balanitis or inflammation of the vulva (vulvitis) are also possible symptoms in the pubic area. In addition, some parasites such as pubic lice prefer to infect the sex area. Last but not least, cancers of the external genital organs, such as penile carcinoma or vulvar cancer, can also occur.
Diseases in the pubic area are often associated with skin irritation and an itchy penis or vaginal itch. In addition, there is often an increased vaginal discharge or a secretion discharge from the penis, which speaks for simultaneous involvement of the internal genital organs. With the help of a laboratory smear test, many forms of infectious diseases that can affect the sex area can be determined relatively reliably. Blood tests can also provide important information about existing infectious diseases. Other diseases, such as non-infectious inflammation, are primarily identified based on the clinical picture. Imaging methods such as sonography (ultrasound), X-rays or computer tomography are used, for example, to identify malignant tissue changes, although it is not uncommon for a tissue sample (biopsy) to be taken to clearly identify them.
For most diseases of the external genitalia, modern medicine has a therapeutic response ready to ensure successful treatment. However, therapy in the advanced stage of the disease is usually much more difficult, which makes the delays in diagnosis that can often be ascertained from shame feeling particularly problematic. In the case of complaints in the pubic area, medical help should be sought as soon as possible, not least to avoid transmission to a sexual partner. (fp)