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Children especially affected: Chilled food for hand, foot and mouth disease
Rash with small red spots on the hands or feet and painful blisters in the mouth can indicate hand-foot-mouth disease. The infectious disease usually affects children, but adults can also become infected. Among other things, relief is provided by cool dishes.
Children especially affected
Flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, body aches and loss of appetite are the first typical signs of hand, foot and mouth disease. Symptoms such as a rash on the back of the hands and feet and blisters in the mouth then quickly appear. These vesicles change into painful erosions (aphthae). Children under the age of ten are particularly affected by the infectious disease. But adults can also become infected with the pathogens. However, the disease usually goes unnoticed with them. The germs can of course be transmitted. Therefore, parents should avoid contact with other children if possible if their own offspring is ill.
Illness is usually harmless
In most cases, the hand-foot-and-mouth disease runs without major complications. This is also confirmed by Hermann Josef Kahl, pediatrician from Düsseldorf. "The disease is usually harmless," the doctor is quoted in a message from the dpa news agency. But the spotted children's skin can make parents very nervous. "The basic principle is: don't panic!" Says Kahl. The disease is usually over after three to seven days. However, a doctor should be consulted if there is no improvement over a long period of time. "In that case, another illness may have been added," said the pediatrician. According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), the disease increasingly occurs in late summer and autumn.
Bed rest and plenty of fluids
Since the hand-foot-mouth disease is very contagious, the little ones are not allowed to go to kindergarten or school. Kahl emphasized that bed rest and plenty of fluids are important for the patients. “Because the mouth often hurts a lot, sick children are reluctant to eat.” Cool food can protect the irritated mucous membranes here. According to health experts, people with aphthae should avoid hard foods such as rusks, nuts or potato chips. And if possible also on hot or spicy food and certain fruits such as cherries, plums, pineapples, tomatoes and citrus fruits, because these irritate the oral mucosa. A common home remedy for mouth sores is chamomile. If the offspring suffers from fever, suppositories or fever juices can alleviate the symptoms. "Small children with a fever should also always be examined by a doctor," says Kahl. (ad)