Reduce colorectal cancer risk: Follow 5 simple tips

Reduce colorectal cancer risk: Follow 5 simple tips



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Reduce colorectal cancer risk: Follow five simple tips
14.10.2014

Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers in western countries. German researchers have now used data from several European countries to investigate which lifestyle can protect against colon cancer. As the evaluation showed, the risk can be reduced enormously if five simple tips are followed.

Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers in western countries. In Germany, around 27,000 people die each year from the consequences. Colon cancer is the second most common cancer in women and the third most common in men. In a recent contribution, the "world" thematizes the results of an investigation by researchers who looked for factors that can protect against colorectal cancer. It came as no surprise that the risk can be reduced enormously if certain lifestyle factors are adhered to. Even those who only manage two of the five mentioned above will benefit.

Data from ten European countries evaluated As the author writes, it was already clear to her that a healthy lifestyle - eating fruit, not poisoning yourself with cigarettes, exercising - keeps the body healthy. But it is also important not only to suspect what can protect against colorectal cancer, but to know this as precisely as possible. Experts wanted to find out exactly that in a study. According to the report, researchers from the German Institute for Nutritional Research evaluated the data of almost 350,000 women and men from ten European countries, including diet, exercise, weight, smoking and drinking habits. The scientists observed people between the ages of 25 and 70 for an average of twelve years. Although there are many studies on the protective factors for this type of cancer, as the researchers write, little is known about the interactions.

Five things everyone can control themselves According to the scientists' evaluation, five things that everyone can control in their own life can lower the risk of colon cancer. You shouldn't smoke, drink too much alcohol, and exercise. Furthermore, you should eat as much vegetables, fruit, whole grains, nuts, yoghurt and fish as possible, but as little red meat and sausage as possible. As a fifth point, the researchers advise to control the weight. Accordingly, the waist circumference should not exceed 80 centimeters for women and 94 centimeters for men.

Cut Colon Cancer Risk Up To 37 Percent Those who have all five factors under control can lower their colon cancer risk by up to 37 percent, the researchers report. However, the individual risk is different for everyone, among other things for genetic reasons or because of previous illnesses. As was also shown, the study participants who did not comply with everything also benefited. Accordingly, those who watched two of the five factors reduced their risk by 13 percent. You can start with one thing, for example, to stop smoking or to climb stairs more often. Or do without the wine and the couch tonight.

Detect colorectal cancer in good time Since this type of cancer develops relatively slowly and it takes about five to ten years for a malignant tumor to develop from a preliminary stage, it can be life-saving to recognize the signs of colorectal cancer. Sometimes, various general, uncharacteristic symptoms, such as unclear weight loss, fatigue or increased fatigue, can indicate a developing cancer. The first signs of cancer, which are typical warning signs of colorectal cancer, have a lot to do with bowel movements. A doctor should be consulted if there is blood in the stool, a so-called pencil chair occurs, or blood or mucus is lost during bowel movements. The chances of recovery from colorectal cancer are very good if the diagnosis is made in good time. (ad)

Image: Sigrid Rossmann / pixelio.de

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