Help for students with headaches

Help for students with headaches

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Study "MUKIS" shows the effectiveness of clarification for headaches

Headaches are by no means just a problem for many adults. Instead, more and more children and adolescents often suffer from chronic complaints. However, as part of the “MUKIS” study, a group of Munich doctors has developed approaches to how schoolchildren can take preventive measures against the pain.

Headaches in children have long been neglected For many adults, headaches are part of everyday life. These are the second most common form of pain after back pain, from which about three quarters of people aged 18 and over are attacked or even chronically affected. In contrast, complaints in the head area have long been neglected in children and adolescents, although according to the German Migraine and Headache Society they are an increasingly common problem. "Studies from Scandinavia show that children complain of headaches earlier now and often more violently than 20 years ago." For this reason, a group of doctors from various institutions at Ludwig Maximilians University has now investigated to what extent the symptoms can be alleviated when the students are informed about the connections between headache and lifestyle, stress and physical activity.

Complaints in more than one pupil per class disappeared after the clarification As part of the MUKIS study (Munich study on headaches among high school students), the frequency of headaches and other complaints was recorded for a total of almost 1,700 pupils from high schools in Munich. "During a school lesson, half of the students took part in a structured education about headache, the other half received it only at the second point in time seven months later," explains Prof. Dr. Andreas Straube, President of the German Migraine and Headache Society (DMKG) The result: While around 80 percent of 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren initially reported headache, the comparison of the two groups showed that the likelihood of improvement in the intervention group was significantly more frequent, so the headache was more disappeared as one student per class after the education, the DMKG continues, which means that the chances of being symptom-free in the next seven months would be 77 percent higher than without it.

First study worldwide to show the success of health education. The most successful was the lesson among students who suffered primarily from tension headaches. Here, MUKIS was able to clearly demonstrate for the first time that a short explanation and tips for a better handling of pressure to perform at school, leisure stress, media consumption or fixed daily structures could help to improve the situation among students. Accordingly, according to the DMKG, it is planned for the future to incorporate the previous findings into a larger study on the topic of "headache prevention" in order to ultimately establish such health education "as an integral part of school education." (No)

Image: S. Hofschlaeger /

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